Anoniem, De geboorte van Maria, 1520. Bruikleen Mauritshuis.jpg

Starting from the late Middle Ages, cities were home to many different types of care workers.
The wealthier class could call on the services of academically trained medical doctors.

Women played a vital role in health care, for instance as midwives. However, women were increasingly replaced by men from the fifteenth century onward.

Anonymous, The Birth of Mary, 1520, Mauritshuis